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THE DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES TO PRODUCE CLOTHING

THE DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES TO PRODUCE CLOTHING

CUT&SEW

DESCRIPTION

As techniques go, the cut-&-sew method is the simplest way to make a garment. The shapes are fitted into a single panel of fabric, after which they are cut out, using templates. The parts can be created using pieces of cloth obtained from flat-knitting or circular-knitting machines.

HOW IT WORKS

Garments are created by sewing the various pieces together.

 

ADVANTAGES

- Quick and easy to create a piece of knitted fabric.

- Easy to assemble and then to create a garment.

- Possible to join completely dissimilar parts together, even if they have been made using different processes.

DRAWBACKS

- The cut piece must be sewn shut, otherwise the stitches will unravel.

-  It involves creating seams that can be quite visible.

- Material wastage during the cutting process can even reach 25%.

- The perceived quality of garments made by using this method can be poor.

FULLY FASHIONED

DESCRIPTION

Completely selvedged garment.

HOW IT WORKS

The garment is shaped by the machine which dwells on certain areas more than others. A garment produced on a selvedge machine involves creating a runproof seam which seals the various zones so the stitches cannot come undone.

 

ADVANTAGES

- There is no wastage caused by cutting the cloth.

- The garment can be very accurately shaped.

- The process can be programmed. This means it can be repeated, thus avoiding any flaws.

There are fewer steps in the process as compared to the cut-and-sew method.

DRAWBACKS

- Setting up the machine and stitches so that there are no defects.

COMPLETE GARMENT

DESCRIPTION

With this technique, machinery can produce ready-shaped garments that do not need any further stitching.

HOW IT WORKS

As compared to the fully fashioned method which gives a 2D result, this also gives the option of a complete “3-dimensional” garment. Unlike the fully fashioned item where the shaped pieces still need to be stitched together, the flat-knitted garments have no seams. Hundreds of needles move to build and join various tubular knitted shapes, creating a complete dress in one single production phase.

 

ADVANTAGES

- A further reduction in material wastage as compared to the fully fashioned method because seam margins are done away with.

- The garment is made and finished on the machine. No additional steps are required.

- There are no seams. This is advantageous both from an aesthetic and functional point of view.

- Accurate and repeatable production method with proper shape and size. The pieces will always be identical to each other.

- Reduction in post-process work: no cutting, no hemming or other work involved.

DRAWBACKS

- Setting up the machine and stitches so that there are no defects.

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